State and territory government
The governance of Australia’s six states is vested in state parliaments that meet in each capital city (e.g. Brisbane). With the exception of Queensland each state parliament consists of two elected houses (Upper and Lower).
The Queensland Parliament is a unicameral parliament, consisting of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland (the Lower House). The Legislative Assembly comprises 93 Members who are directly elected and each represent a Queensland state electoral district. The maximum term of a parliament is four years and the leader of the Queensland government is the Premier.
The Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory have a different arrangement where each has one elected house called the Legislative Assembly with the leader of the government called the Chief Minister.
State and territory government responsibilities include: justice, consumer affairs, health, education, forestry, public transport, main roads.
The decision-making body of local government is usually called the city or shire council. Councils are established by state governments to look after the particular needs of a city or local community. The people’s representatives who form the Council are called councillors. The head of the Council is the Mayor or Shire President.
Local government responsibilities include: local road maintenance, garbage collection, building regulations and land subdivisions, public health and recreation facilities such as swimming pools.